Bioinformatics – Supporting modern life science research, applications, and challenges

Authors

  • Sarvendra Vikram Singh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv10n2-011

Keywords:

bioinformatics, computational biology, genomics, proteomics, system biology

Abstract

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods, software tools for understanding biological data and aims to investigate questions about biological composition, structure, function, and evolution of molecules, cells, tissues, and organisms using mathematics, informatics, statistics, and computer science. As we are moving towards the era of cutting-edge technologies there will be a lot of data to store, process and analyze.  It offers analysis software for data studies and comparisons and provides tools for modeling, visualizing, exploring and interpreting data. It includes analysis, structural and functional characterization of biomolecules leading to the development of Genomics, Proteomics, Transcriptomics, and Metabolomics, etc. Drug discovery and development tools, supported by recent advancements in machine learning and cloud computing should shorten the time to find and produce an efficient drug compound with fewer side effects and more results emerge as a branch called Chemo-informatics. Personalized medicine where bioinformatics can help a lot to make drug molecules based on the genetic makeup of individuals for better outcomes is a prime area of research and need of the society at present. The major futures challenge of the scientific community is to create an in-vitro model of whole-cell or organism and further simulating a whole cell or an organism by applying in-silico approaches. To achieve that, reliable tools that utilize those technologies need to be developed and tested. Bioinformatics reduces the search space/size of the problem by thousand times. The main goal is to convert a multitude of complex data into useful information and knowledge. As a consequence of understanding such data, one can basically engineer longer life for society.

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Published

2024-02-07

How to Cite

Singh, S. V. (2024). Bioinformatics – Supporting modern life science research, applications, and challenges. Brazilian Journal of Development, 10(2), e67060. https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv10n2-011

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Section

Original Papers