Active and intelligent packaging: security, legal aspects and global market / Embalagem ativa e inteligente: segurança, aspectos legais e mercado global


  • Danielle Cunha de Souza Pereira Brazilian Journals Publicações de Periódicos, São José dos Pinhais, Paraná
  • Nátali Silva Teixeira
  • Izabela Mendes Zin
  • Raphaela Alessandra dos Santos Gonçalves
  • Nathália Ramos de Melo



food industry, packaging market, regulation.


Active and intelligent packaging has been based on a interaction of the pack with food and / or the environment that surrounds it. Are on the market active packaging to reduce lipid oxidation rates, control breathing, moisture content and minimize microbial growth. Such packages contain absorbers and emitting carbon dioxide, odor absorbents, ethylene removers, aroma-emitting and antimicrobial compounds. Intelligent packagings include indicators of time and temperature, ripeness indicators and deterioration, biosensors and radio frequency identification. Due to deliberate interaction with food and / or their environment, migration of substances may pose a food safety concern, should their use be regulated in legislation. This article presents: definitions and history of active and intelligent packaging; the main types of materials developed for food contact; future trends of active and intelligent packaging with a special emphasis on safety, legal aspects and evaluation; and the global market of active and intelligent packaging.



European Commission, Council adopts ban on single-use plastics, in: European Commission (Ed.) (2019, June 30). Retrieved from <>.

Dainelli, D., Gontard, N., Spyropoulos, D., Zondervan-Van Den Beuken, E., & Tobback, P. (2008). Active and intelligent food packaging: legal aspects and safety concerns. Trends Food Science and Technology, 19, 99-108. doi:

Lloyd, K., Mirosa, M., & Birch, J. (2019). Active and Intelligent Packaging. In: Melton, L., Shahidi, F., & Varelis, P. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry (pp. 177-182). Cambridge MA: Elsevier.

Pasqualone, A. (2019). Bread Packaging: Features and Functions. In: Preedy, V.R. & Watson, R.R. (Eds.). Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention (Second Edition) (pp. 211-222). EUA: Academic Press.

Ghoshal, G. (2018). Recent Trends in Active, Smart, and Intelligent Packaging for Food Products. In: Grumezescu, A.M., Holban, A.M. (Eds.). Food Packaging and Preservation (pp. 343-374). United Kingdom: Academic Press.

Muñoz-Bonilla, A., & Fernández-García, M. (2012). Polymeric materials with antimicrobial activity. Progress in Polymer Science, 37, 281-339. doi:

Janjarasskul, T., & Tananuwong, K. (2019). Role of Whey Proteins in Food Packaging. Reference Module in Food Sciences. doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-100596-5.22399-8.

Pirsa, S., & Shamusi, T. (2019). Intelligent and active packaging of chicken thigh meat by conducting nano structure cellulose-polypyrrole-ZnO film. Materials Science & Engineering C, 102, 798-809. doi:

Otles, S., & Sahyar, B.Y. Intelligent Food Packaging (2016). In: Barcelo, D. (Ed.). Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry (pp. 377-387). Amsterdã: Elsevier.

Müller, P., & Schmid, M. (2019). Intelligent Packaging in the Food Sector: A Brief Overview. Foods, 8, 1-12. doi:

Brody, A.L., Strupinsky, E.R., & Kline, L. R. (2001). Active packaging for food applications. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Restuccia, D., Spizzirri, G., Parisi, O.I., Cirillo, G., Curcio, M., Iemma, F., et al. (2010). New EU regulation aspects and global market of active and intelligent packaging for food industry applications. Food Control, 21, 1425-1435. doi: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.04.028.

Rebello, F. de F.P. (2009). Novas tecnologias aplicadas às embalagens de alimentos. Revista Agrogeoambiental, 1, 156-164. doi:

Fabech, B., Hellstrøm, T., Henrysdotter, G., Hjulmand-Lassen, M., Nilsson, J., Rüdinger, L., et al. (2000). Active and Intelligent Food Packaging A Nordic report on the legislative aspects. Copenhagen: TemaNord.

Rooney, M.L. (2008). History of active packaging. In: WILSON, C.L. (Ed.). Intelligent and active packaging for fruits and vegetables. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Robertson, G.L. (2012). Food packaging principles and practices. 3. ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Dainelli D. (2015). Global legislation for active and intelligent packaging materials. In: Baughan, J.S. (Ed.). Global Legislation for Food Contact Materials. (pp. 183-199). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing.

Vilela, C., Kurek, M., Hayouka, Z., Röcker, B., Yildirim, S., Antunes, M.D.C., Nilsen-Nygaard, J., Pettersen, M.K., & Freire, C.S.R. (2018). A concise guide to active agents for active food packaging. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 80, 212-222. doi:

Fang, Z., Zhao, Y., Warner, R.D., & Johnson, S.K. (2017). Active and intelligent packaging in meat industry. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 61, 60-71. doi:

Azeredo, H.M.C. de., Faria, J. de A.F., & Azeredo, A.M.C. de. (2000). Embalagens ativas para alimentos. Food Science and Technology, 20, 337-341. doi:

Braga, L.R., & Peres, L. (2010). Novas tendências em embalagens para alimentos: revisão. Boletim do Centro de Pesquisa de Processamento de Alimentos, 28, 69-84. Retrieved from:

Nath, A., Mangaraj, S., Goswami, T.K., & Chauhan, J. (2016). Post harvest management and production of important horticultural crops. India: Scientific Publisher.

Hosseinnejad, M. (2014). Active Packaging for Food Applications - A Review. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research, 2, 1174-1180. Retrieved from:

Bastarrachea, L.J., Wong, D.E., Roman, M.J., Lin, Z., & Goddard, J.M. (2015). Active Packaging Coatings. Coatings, 5, 771-791. doi:

Nwakaudu, A.A., Nwakaudu M.S., Owuamanam C.I., & Iheaturu, N.C. (2015). The Use of Natural Antioxidant Active Polymer Packaging Films for Food Preservation. Applied Signals Reports, 2, 38-50. Retrieved from:

Sarantópoulos, C.I.G.L. & Dantas, T.B.H. (2012). Qualidade e novas tecnologias. In: Sarantópoulos, C.I.G.L.; Rego, R.A. (Eds.). BRASIL pack trends 2020. (pp. 141-171). Campinas: ITAL.

Dey, A., & Neogi, S. (2019). Oxygen scavengers for food packaging applications: A review. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 90, 26-34. doi:

Altieri, C., Sinigaglia, M., Corbo, M. R., Buonocore, G. G., Falcone, P., & Del Nobile, M. A. (2004). Use of entrapped microorganisms as biological oxygen scavengers in food packaging applications. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 37, 9-15. doi: 10.1016/S0023-6438(03)00115-4.

Lee, S.Y., Lee, S.J., Choi, D.S., & Hur, S.J. (2015). Current topics in active and intelligent food packaging for preservation of fresh foods. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95, 2799-2810. doi:10.1002/jsfa.7218.

Š?etar, M., Kurek, M., & Gali?, K. (2010). Trends in Fruit and Vegetable Packaging – a Review. Croatian Journal of Food Technology, Biotechnology and Nutrition, 5, 69-86. Retrieved from:

Poças, M. de F., Oliveira, J.C., Pereira, J.R., Brandsch, R., & Hogg, T. (2011). Modelling migration from paper into a food simulant. Food Control, 22, 303-312. doi:

Brody, A.L., Bugusu, B., Han, J.H., Sand, C.K., & Mchugh, T. H. (2008). Innovative Food Packaging Solutions. Journal of food science, 73, 107-115. doi:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00933.x.

Prasad, P., & Kochhar, A. (2014). Active Packaging in Food Industry: A Review. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8, 01-07. Retrieved from:

Otoni, C.G., Espitia, P.J.P., Avena-Bustillos, R.J., & McHugh, T.H. (2016). Trends in antimicrobial food packaging systems: Emitting sachets and absorbent pads. Food Research International, 83, 60-73. Doi:

Pérez-Pérez, C., Regalado-González, C., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, C. A., Barbosa-Rodríguez, J. R., & Villaseñor-Ortega, F. (2006). Incorporation of antimicrobial agents in food packaging films and coatings. In R. G. Guevara-González & I. Torres-Pacheco (Eds.), Advances in Agricultural and Food Biotechnology (pp. 193-216). Índia: Research Signpost.

Kechichian, V., Ditchfield, C. Veiga-Santos, P., & Tadini, C.C. (2010). Natural antimicrobial ingredients incorporated in biodegradable films based on cassava starch. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 43, 1088-1094. doi: 10.1016/j.lwt.2010.02.014.

Realini, C.E. & Marcos, B. (2014). Active and intelligent packaging systems for a modern society. Meat Science, 98, 404-419. doi:

Dhall, R.K. (2013). Advances in edible coatings for fresh fruits and vegetables: A review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 53, 435-50. doi:

Guilbert, S., Gontard, N., & Gorris, L.G.M. (1996). Prolongation of the Shelf-life of Perishable Food Products using Biodegradable Films and Coatings. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 29, 10-17. doi:

Dobrucka, R., & Cierpiszewski, R. (2014). Active and Intelligent Packaging Food – Research and Development – A Review. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 64, 7-15. doi:

Ghaani, M., Cozzolino, C.A., Castelli, G., & Farris, S. (2016). An overview of the intelligent packaging technologies in the food sector. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 51, 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.tifs.2016.02.008.

Soares, N. de F.F., Cruz, R. S., Villadiego, A.M.D., Melo, N. R. de, Silveira, M.F.A., Bastos, M. do S.R., et al. (2012). Embalagem ativa na conservação de alimentos. In: Azeredo, H.M.C. de. (Ed.). Fundamentos de estabilidade de Alimentos (pp. 253-285). Brasília: Embrapa.

Han, J. H., Ho, C.H.L., & Rodrigues E.T. (2005). Intelligent packaging. In: Han, J. H. (Ed.). Innovations in food packaging (pp. 138-155). Baltimore: Elsevier Science & Technology Books,

Restuccia, D., Salomone, R., Spizzirri, U.G., Saija, G., Loppolo, Parisi, O.I., & Picci, N. (2016). Industrial Applications: Regulatory Issues and Life Cycle Assessment of Food Packaging. In: barros-Velázquez, J. Antimicrobial Food Packaging (pp. 215-226). USA:AP.

Fuertes, G., Soto, I., Carrasco, R., Vargas, M., Sabattin, J., & Lagos, C. (2016). Intelligent Packaging Systems: Sensors and Nanosensors to Monitor Food Quality and Safety. Journal of Sensors, 2016, 1-8 doi:

Sharma, C., Dhiman, R., Rokana, N., & Panwar, H. (2017). Nanotechnology: An Untapped Resource for Food Packaging. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, 1735. doi:

Kuswandi, B., Wicaksono, Y., Abdullah, A., Jayus, Heng, L. Y., & Ahmad, M. (2011). Smart packaging: sensors for monitoring of food quality and safety. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety, 5, 137-146. doi:

Hernández-Munoz, P., Cerisuelo, J.P., Domínguez, I., López-Carballo, G., Catalá, R., & Gavara, R. (2019). Nanotechnology in Food Packaging. In: Rubio, A.L., Rovira, M.J.F., Sanz, M.M., Gómez-Mascaraque, L.G. (Eds.). Nanomaterials for Food Applications, A volume in Micro and Nano Technologies (pp. 205- 232). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Guillory, M., & Standhardt, G. (2012). NVC world review on supply chain applications of RFID and sensors in packaging. NVC Netherlands Packaging Centre. 45 p.

Smits, E., Schram, J., Nagelkerke, M., Kusters, R., Heck, G. V., Acht, V. V., et al. (2012). Development of printed RFID sensor tags for smart food packaging. International Meeting on Chemical Sensors, 14, 403-406. doi: 10.5162/IMCS2012/4.5.2.

Heckman, J.H. (2007). Active and intelligent packaging: A European anomaly. In: Wilson, C.L. (Ed.). Intelligent and active packaging for fruits and vegetables (pp. 307-315). Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Poyatos-Racionero, E., Ros-Lis, J.V., Vivancos, J.L., & Martínez-Máñez, R. (2018). Recent advances on intelligent packaging as tools to reduce food waste. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 3398-3409. doi:

BCC Research. (2015). Active, Controlled, and Intelligent Packaging for Foods and Beverages. (2019, June 10). Retrieved from: <>.

BCC Research. (2013). Active, controlled, and intelligent packaging for foods and beverages. (2019, June 10). Retrieved from: <>.

BCC Research. (2013). The advanced packaging solutions market value for 2017 is projected to be nearly $44.3 billion. (2019, June 10). Retrieved from: <$44.3-billion-2017>.

Business Wire. (2017). Global $19.78 Billion Smart Packaging Market 2017 - Forecasts from 2016 to 2021 - Research and Markets. (2019, June 15). Retrieved from: <>.

Reportsnreports. (2014). Active and Intelligent Packaging to 2017 (2019, June 15). Retrieved from: <>.

Marketsandmarkets. (2016). Global Active, Smart and Intelligent Packaging Market By Products, Applications, Trends and Forecasts (2010-2015). (2019, June 20). Retrieved from: <>.

Freedonia Group. (2015). Active and Intelligent Packaging: US Industry Study with Forecasts for 2019 & 2024. (2019, June 20). Retrieved from: <>.

Roco, M.C. (2010). The long view of nanotechnology development: the national nanotechnology initiative at ten years. In: Roco, M.C.; Mirkin, C.A.; Hersam, M.C. (Eds.). Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020: Retrospective and Outlook. World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) (pp. 544). USA: Springer.

Belli, B. (2012). Eating Nano. The Environmental Magazine. (2019, June 20). Retrieved from: <>.

Stratistics MRC. (2016). Active and Intelligent Packaging - Global Market Outlook (2015-2022). (2019, June 20). Retrieved from: <>.

FAPESP. (2013). Embalagens sofisticadas. (2019, June 20). Retrieved from: <>.

Conte, A., Angiolillo, L., Mastromatteo, M., & Del Nobile, M.A. (2013). Technological Options of Packaging to Control Food Quality. In: Muzzalupo, I. (Ed.). Food Industry (pp. 355- 379). London: Intech Open.

Fernandes, F.G., Araújo, J., & de Sousa, S. (2020). Análise físico-química de pães de hambúrguer submetidos a embalagens ativas com óleo essencial de oregano. BrazilianJournal of Development, 6, 45954-45958. doi:10.34117/bjdv6n7-282.




How to Cite

Pereira, D. C. de S., Teixeira, N. S., Zin, I. M., Gonçalves, R. A. dos S., & Melo, N. R. de. (2020). Active and intelligent packaging: security, legal aspects and global market / Embalagem ativa e inteligente: segurança, aspectos legais e mercado global. Brazilian Journal of Development, 6(8), 61766–61794.



Original Papers